Volume 9, Issue 1, March 2019

 

1. THE STATE AS INTERACTING WITH THE MARKET – A SUITABLE CONTEXT FOR THE NONPROFIT SECTOR

 

Andreea-Angela ȘEULEAN (VONȚEA)
Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest

Romania

 

The paper aims to contextualize the elements that define the peculiarities of the nonprofit nonprofit sector. In a general note, there is provided a series of answers to the following questions: ‘Which ones are the factors that influenced the establishment of the nonprofit sector?’, and ‘Of what consists the object of the conceptual delineations regarding the nonprofit sector?’. In a particular sense, the first part of the paper refers primarily to the aspects regarding the necessity to optimize the manner of organizing the society, along with the one related to the establishment of a distinctive framework in terms of organizational infrastructure of the civil society. The second part of the paper begins with the structural-operational definition of the nonprofit sector and continues with its general characteristics...

2. DEMONETIZATION IMPACT OVER BANKING LOANS & ADVANCES-A CASE STUDY

 

Neralla NARSAIAH
Cihan University, Erbil

Kurdistan-Iraq
 

The demonetization footstep by the Government of India twisted complicated influences in the economy. Complete sectors of the economy had faced and produced mixed sensation results over the decision of demonetization. India’s financial services struggled with demonetization; on the other hand, demonetization affects utmost over the banking sector because it is substantial influenced services to transform money circulation in an Indian economy. Eradicating components of currency notes from circulation in an economy is demonetization. It is as the processes of components of money are denied the status of legal tender. Consequently, ceased currency notes will not be account as valid currency in an economy. The term ‘demonetization’ is an instrument to shrink Inflation, Black Money, Corruption and terror funding, this step discourages a cash dependent economy in India. Government of India drive towards demonetization has given a strong push to the popularity of digital banking and made helps with the alternative arrangements of e-banking and e –wallet to trade and commerce. Exploring the demonetization emergence in an economy and impact on banking services ecosystem dynamics, this study take an abductive approach anchored in over 4 years of case study data regarding. The present study foremost intention is to be analyzing the demonetization impact over banking loans and advances. In this regard the present study is to be examining the pre demonetization and post demonetization period...

3. WETLANDS DEGRADATION AND CONVERSION DUE TO URBANISATION IN MUMBAI METROPOLITAN REGION: ACUTE PROBLEMS WITH LONG TERM SOLUTIONS

 

Sanjay RODE

Mumbai University
India

 

Wetlands are providing ecosystem services to human communities. They support food production, water treatment and water supply, flood control, fishing, recreation and wildlife habitat. But wetlands area is shrinking very fast all over to world due to high urbanization. In developing countries, the destruction of wetlands is widely observed. In India, the wetlands area, size and number is declining very fast due to population growth and urbanization. Mumbai Metropolitan Region is not exception to this phenomenon. The wetland area is significantly declining in all suburbs of region over the period of time. The ordinary least square regression result shows that solid waste, agriculture and other land is negatively co-related to wetland in all suburbs of Mumbai Metropolitan Region. In all the suburbs, the wetland and forest land is converted for built up area. There is huge loss is earned annually and in past due to wetlands destruction in Mumbai suburb, Thane and Uran in region. The maximum loss is incurred for recreation and flood control. Therefore immediate policies are required to protect wetlands in region. State government should come out with future plans, legislation and co-ordination among various bodies, NGO’s to protect wetlands in region. The protection, scientific conservation of wetlands will improve wetlands related services and welfare of people in region...