Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2019

 

1. PREPAREDNESS TO TEACH INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRS) IN ETHIOPIA: A STUDY ON SELECTED UNIVERSITIES

 

Deresse Mersha Lakew
Jimma University, Jimma

Ethiopia

Mohammed Getahun Musa
Jimma University, Jimma

Ethiopia

 

Modern type of business organizations was started in Ethiopian before hundred years ago and the number is tremendously increasing nowadays. However, there was no one set of generally accepted accounting standard used by business organization in the country till December 2014 when IFRS was proclaimed as the law of the land. Though IFRS was accepted for financial reporting in the country starting from 2014, the level of preparedness in teaching IFRS in Ethiopian universities was not studied. This paper is aimed at identifying problems in teaching IFRS among teachers in Ethiopia universities. To achieve this objective, data was collected from 46 academic staffs working in six universities in the country. The study found that teachers in relatively old universities are trying to incorporate IFRS in their course plan as compared to those in recently established universities. Generally, the level of preparedness to incorporate IFRS is low in majority of the universities under study. Lack of text books in line with IFRS, problem of integrating IFRS in to the curriculum and lack of practical experiences are the top three bottle necks that hinder teaching IFRS in our universities. In order to prepare our staffs to teach in line with IFRS, both short and long term capacity building strategies were recommended in this study...

2. IMPACT OF PIRACY AND SEA ROBBERIES ON FISHING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA: A FOCUS ON LAGOS COASTAL AREA

 

Abdullahi Saheed USMAN
Department of Management Technology, College of Management Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota

Nigeria
Oluwaseyi Joseph AFOLABI
Department of Management Technology, College of Management Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota

Nigeria

NWOYE Casmier Friday
Department of Management Technology, College of Management Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota

Nigeria

 

Nigeria as a littoral state with a coastline of slightly above 800 kilometers and located in the Gulf of Guinea (GoG) region puts the government in a position that requires her to deploy resources to combat the menace of piracy and sea robbery. Pirate activities affected not only the maritime transport sector, but the other forms of maritime economic activities. The fishing industry also got her fair share of this menace despite the contribution of the industry to the society. The activities of pirates and sea robbers and their impacts on fishing industry in Lagos coastal area was investigated using structured questionnaire deployed to relevant stakeholders in the fishing business in Lagos area. This research interrogates possible factors that create the enabling environment for piracy to flourish. The study revealed that the inability of government to effectively curb activities of these criminals was to some extent influenced by corruption, poverty and inequality in the society. Financial loss to the nation due to the menace was found to be alarming and has forced several fishing companies out of business to the extent that only few fishing vessels (trawlers) are currently in operation in the area of study. The research confirmed negative effects of piracy on sea businesses, particularly fishing activities, which was the crux of this investigation. The study recommends, amongst others, the Nigerian government should evolve sound resource management and equitable allocative practices to leverage the enormous natural resources and oil affluence to effectively address the cacophony of economic afflictions and legal framework should be revisited, reviewed, reformed and harmonized...

3. USE OF "THE LOWEST PRICE" AWARD CRITERION IN THE PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN ROMANIA

 

Ionel PREDA

The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest

Romania

Cezar-Petre SIMION

The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest

Romania

 

Taking into account the very large sums being spent through the Romanian public procurement system (approximately 8% of the GDP), analysing the award criteria used in the procurement procedures is an important element that influences the achievement of the economic and social efficiency of procurement. The article describes the criteria for public procurement award in Romania, focusing on the most used criterion, namely the lowest price. It also presents the advantages and disadvantages of using this criterion, statistical situations at national and European level, the difficulties encountered in using this criterion by contracting authorities and the vulnerabilities of tenderers participating in the procurement procedures which use for the award the criterion under consideration...

4. IMPACT OF ONSITE HEALTH CARE CENTERS ON JOB SATISFACTION IN ARMED CONFLICT SOCIETIES: THE ZIMBABWEAN WAR OF LIBERATION PERSPECTIVE

 

Takupiwa NYANGA

Julius Nyerere School of Social Sciences, Great Zimbabwe University

Zimbabwe

Rosemary SIBANDA

Graduate School of Management and Leadership, University of KwaZulu- Natal

South Africa

 

Employee wellness is one of the key and most essential antecedents to employee and organizational performance. Organisational performance heavily depends on the health and wellness of employees and their attitude towards their work. The study explored the relationship between wellness programs and job satisfaction for workers in armed conflict societies. The study focused on one wellness program; that is the establishment of organizational onsite health centers. A quantitative research methodology was employed to carry out the study. A questionnaire was used to solicit data from 50 people who witnessed or directly or indirectly participated in the war of liberation in Zimbabwe and the civil war in Mozambique. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the collected data. The study established that there is a strong relationship between the establishment of onsite health centers and job satisfaction. All the major services of health clinics such as provision of health services to the injured during the war, provision of counseling services, provision of physical fitness programs and provision of ill-health prevention services showed a strong relationship with job satisfaction. It was recommended that all organizations operating in armed conflict societies should establish health centers within their premises to provide health services to the physically and emotionally injured employees...

5. ANALYSIS OF ROMANIAN IT INDUSTRY; STRATEGIC DIAGNOSTICS USING MICHAEL PORTER'S MODEL

 

Cătălina Florentina ALBU

The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest

Romania

Ștefan Cătălin POPA

The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest

Romania

Ana Alexandra GORA

The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest

Romania

 

 

The information technology (IT) sector represents a phenomenon of modern society, which has led to a favorable change in the economic course, in most countries of the world. This study aims to establish the attractiveness of the IT industry in Romania, as well as the factors that led to the development of the competitive environment, through a strategic diagnosis using a tool for strategic analysis and diagnosis - the model of the five forces, developed by Michael Porter. The results of the study indicate that all five strengths of Michael Porter's model exert significant influence, but in different proportions, on the competitive environment and the degree of attractiveness of the IT industry. Although Porter's model offers a clear strategic frame of the IT industry, it is quite static, and the manifestation of the five forces does not maintain its validity over time...